China’s recent willingness to adopt emissions targets shows its confidence in non-fossil energy and Trumantech has been at the forefront of helping them achieve their goals to date. China’s current goal is to more than double the number of wind turbines it has over the next six years. China’s current installed capacity is 75 gigawatts (GW), with the aim is to achieve 200GW by 2020. To put this into perspective Europe’s countries have a combined installed wind capacity of just over 90GW.
Wind farms are wind turbines that have been located together for the production of electricity. They vary in size substantially and can range from one turbine to the largest wind farm in the world: Alta Wind Energy Centre (AWEC) in Tehachapi, Kern County, California, which currently has 586 wind turbines and dishes out 1,550MW.
There are two types of wind farms; one is offshore and the other onshore. The offshore ones like The London Array Offshore Wind Farm, is the largest in the world with 175 Siemens 3.6MW wind turbines. Located in England in the outer Thames Estuary over 20km off the coasts of Kent and Essex, to take advantage of the constant ocean winds, this offshore wind farm has the capacity to power approximately two-thirds of Kent's households. Most of the USA wind farms are located in mountainous regions so they can gain an added advantage of the winds blowing over the ridges.
Here is a brief snapshot of some of the major players and influencers around the world.
Europe has been utilizing the power of offshore wind since the first offshore wind farm was built in Denmark back in 1991. The USA and Canada are currently planning offshore wind farms but currently have none Trumantech are carrying out feasibility studies in conjunction with the relevant institutions in The USA and Canada and will have a concise plan by mid-2015 for offshore wind farms. The USA however does have eight of the 10 largest wind farms in the world which are all onshore. Wind power produces about 4.1% of the energy used in the United States with a massive commitment to reducing its reliance on oil;its wind power installed capacity now exceeds 60,007 MW. China is the only country in the world to surpass this capacity.
Belgium who had a 51 percent growth in its offshore wind farms back in 2010 and is looking to generate 13% of its energy from sustainable sources by 2020. Belgium is currently working on the ambitious northern project which will produce 1360 GWh per year.
Denmark was the first country in the world to establish an offshore wind farm in 1999. Denmark's achievements have been significant they have now incorporated 28 per cent wind power into their electricity system. Denmark is often looked upon as the world’s Wind Power Hub. Denmark’s government has set an ambitious target of 50 per cent wind power in the electricity system by 2020. Denmark is looking to be completely free of their dependence on fossil fuels by 2050 and aim to be the first in the world to achieve the status whereby their system will consist purely of renewable energy. Wind energy will be their main source of electricity.
Germany has over 850 renewable energy co-operatives and the government has made strong incentives for renewables which it has stuck to religiously. The first quarter of 2014, Germany’s renewable energy resources met a record 27 percent of the country’s total electricity demand. Germany aims to reach 80 percent renewable energy by 2050,that’s a goal that it is marching relentlessly forward too. Wind power has been a good provider of jobs and has provided over 98,000 people with jobs so far and has gained very high social acceptance in Germany. Like many other countries it’s in the process of changing its power supply. The last time we changed an energy supply it was in the industrial revolution, which gives some idea as to the scale of change that Germany and others are taking on. Therefore it produces a negligible negative impact on the environment and there is zero pollution.